Chemical Formula of Common Substances

Common Name
Compound Name
Formula
Molar Mass
Ammonia
 
NH3
17.031
Ammonium
 
NH4+
18.038
Aspirin
 
C9H8O4
180.157
Baking Soda
Sodium Bicarbonate
NaHCO3
84.007
Bleach
Sodium Hypochlorite
NaClO
74.442
Borax
Sodium Tetraborate Decahydrate
Na2B4O7.10H2O
381.372
Brimstone
Sulfur
S
32.065
Butane
 
C4H10
58.122
Caffeine
 
C8H10N4O2
194.191
Chalk
Calcium Carbonate
CaCO3
100.087
Cream Of Tartar
Potassium Hydrogen Tartrate
KHC4H4O6
188.177
Citric Acid
 
C6H8O7
192.124
Ethanol
Ethyl Alcohol
C2H5OH
46.068
Epsom Salt
Magnesium Sulfate Heptahydrate
MgSO4.7H2O
246.475
Freon
Dichlorodifluoromethane
CF2Cl2
120.914
Galena
Lead (II) Sulfide
PbS
239.265
Glucose
 
C6H12O6
180.156
Graphite
Carbon
C
12.011
Gypsum
Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate
CaSO4.2H2O
172.171
Hydrogen Peroxide
 
H2O2
34.015
Hypo
Sodium Thiosulfate
Na2S2O3
158.108
Iron Pyrite
Iron Disulfide
FeS2
119.975
Laughing Gas
Dinitrogen Oxide
N2O
44.013
Lime
Calcium Oxide
CaO
56.077
Limestone
Calcium Carbonate
CaCO3
100.087
Lye
Sodium Hydroxide
NaOH
39.997
Marble
Calcium Carbonate
CaCO3
100.087
Methane
 
CH4
16.042
MEK
Ethyl Methyl Ketone
CH3COC2H5
72.106
Milk Of Magnesia
Magnesium Hydroxide
Mg(OH)2
58.32
Muriatic Acid
Hydrochloric Acid
HCl
36.461
Oil Of Vitriol
Sulfuric Acid
H2SO4
98.078
Potash
Potassium Carbonate
K2CO3
138.206
Quartz
Silicon Dioxide
SiO2
60.084
Quicksilver
Mercury
Hg
200.59
Rubbing Alcohol
Isopropyl Alcohol
(CH3)2CHOH
60.095
Sal Ammoniac
Ammonium Chloride
NH4Cl
53.491
Salt
Sodium Chloride
NaCl
58.443
Salt Substitute
Potassium Chloride
KCl
74.551
Saltpeter
Potassium Nitrate
KNO3
101.103
Slaked Lime
Calcium Hydroxide
Ca(OH)2
74.093
Sugar
Sucrose
C12H22O11
342.296
TSP
Sodium Phosphate
Na3PO4
163.941
Vinegar
Acetic Acid
CH3COOH
60.052
Washing Soda
Sodium Carbonate Decahydrate
Na2CO3.10H2O
286.141
Wood Alcohol
Methyl Alcohol
CH3OH
32.042
Water
 
H2O
18.015
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